Paracetamol: Indications

Paracetamol has good analgesic and antipyretic properties. It is suitable for the treatment of pains of all kinds (headaches, dental pain, postoperative pain, pain in connection with colds, post-traumatic muscle pain). Migraine headaches, dysmenorrhea and joint pain can also be influenced advantageously. In cancer patients, paracetamol is used for mild pain or it can be administered in combination with opioids (e.g. codeine).

Paracetamol has been compared to many other analgesics and is considered approximately equipotent to aspirin (acetylsalicylic acid) . However, it does not always reach the efficacy of usual doses of modern non-steroidal analgesics (especially ibuprofen). In general, paracetamol is less efficacious than salicylates and other antirheumatic agents for problems that require anti-inflammatory treatment.

Paracetamol is well suited for use in children. It represents a preferred alternative when aspirin (acetylsalicylic acid) is contraindicated (e.g. because of a history of ulcer or viral infection in the child).

Paracetamol (as a single substance) appears to have little potential for dependence.

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